Guide To Driving The Pamir Highway

Guide To Driving The Pamir Highway

Driving along the high altitude Pamir Highway in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan is an absolute highlight of Central Asia. You climb above 4,000m above sea level during this epic journey, and the scenery is spectacular. There is also plenty of hiking opportunities and friendly locals who open their homes to give you a comfy bed along the way. Here are our tips on how to organise your own unforgettable Pamir Highway trip.

Suggested itinerary

Most people travel the Pamir Highway between Dushanbe, Tajikistan and Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Many people also make a detour to drive through the stunning Wakhan Valley between Khorog and Murgab in Tajikistan – a side trip that is well worth the extra kilometres.

We spent 12 days driving from Osh to Dushanbe via the Wakhan Valley. This gave us time to do some hiking, and ensured we weren’t driving all day every day. We really enjoyed all of our stops along the way. If you have less time, you could certainly cut out the hiking and the night at Rushan. Here was our itinerary:

  1. Tulparkul (near Sary Moghul)
  2. Karakul
  3. Murgab
  4. Murgab (hiking through Pshart Valley)
  5. Bulunkul
  6. Langar
  7. Langar (pretty disastrous hiking day here!)
  8. Ishakshim
  9. Khorog
  10. Rushan
  11. Kalaikumb
  12. Dushanbe
Bulunkul Tajikistan
Exploring the rather post-apocalyptic town of Bulunkul

Public transport vs hired vehicle

We decided to hire a vehicle and driver as it was super easy, gave us more flexibility with our itinerary and (importantly) gave us more room in the car! The driver also knew the best guesthouses to stop at, and could handle all the bribes along the way (there are a lot). It was also reasonably cheap as we shared the cost between 5 travellers.

Public transport (especially in the Wakhan Valley) can be hard to find. If a shared taxi does ply your route it will usually be completely jam packed with people, and certainly won’t be stopping for you to take photos! However, it seemed fairly easily to find shared taxis between Osh and Murgab, Murgab and Khorog, and Khorog and Dushanbe. Just be prepared for some very long travel days in cramped conditions.

Pshart Valley Tajikistan
A small yurt camp at the beginning of the Pshart Valley

Choosing a tour operator

We booked our trip through Osh Guesthouse in Osh. Our car and driver were fantastic – if you book with Osh Guesthouse be sure to ask for Daniyer (although he doesn’t speak much English). We had a few issues with their calculation of kilometres, but were able to sort this out. While we got a pretty good deal overall, definitely be on your toes if you book with Osh Guesthouse. We have heard terrible stories from other travellers about being waaay overcharged. As with many tour operators, we are sure that Osh Guesthouse takes a very healthy cut of the hire fee. It would be preferable to deal with a driver directly, but realistically you probably need a Russian speaker to help you with this. If you want other options, Biy Ordo and CBT Osh can also book cars and drivers.

There are a huge number of tour operators in Osh, Khorog, Dushanbe and Murgab who can arrange a car and driver for you. Your best bet is to get recommendations from other travellers – they will be able to suggest companies and drivers. Online reviews are handy too, but often your experience will depend on your particular driver and car. You really don’t need to book in advance – we turned up to Osh Guesthouse the day before we wanted to leave and it was fine.

Finding travel buddies

We found our travel buddies on the Caravanistan forum and by checking the noticeboard at our hostel (Biy Ordo). There is also a big noticeboard at Osh Guesthouse with plenty of travellers looking to share rides. We were lucky enough to find a great group of people to travel with. Considering you will be jammed in a small space with these people for over a week, it is definitely worth having a chat and heading out for a drink to check you will actually get along!

How much should it cost?

Expect to pay between US$0.60 and US$0.75 per kilometre for the car, plus US$15 per day for food and accommodation for your driver. This cost includes petrol and bribes (there are plenty paid along the way!), but does not include your food or accommodation. Make sure you budget for a decent tip for your driver at the end (if you are happy with their service) – our group tipped around 10% of the hire fee.

Most guesthouses along the Pamir Highway charge between US$10-$15 per person per night, which includes breakfast and dinner. The meals are huge – we often didn’t even eat lunch!

What to expect

We usually drove for around 3 to 4 hours per day. The roads in Kyrgyzstan are pretty good, but they aren’t great in Tajikistan! The roads are pretty rough, and the journey can be pretty hair-raising for those of us afraid of heights. The guesthouses are quite basic – you will often be sharing your room with the other travellers in your vehicle and sleeping on mats on the floors. Not all guesthouses will have hot water or showers either, so pack a few wet wipes.

What will you do on your trip? Well, we usually went for a walk around the town we were stopped in during the afternoon, before settling in for dinner and tea. Our group played plenty of cards, and even picked up the odd bottle of vodka to make things a little more interesting! We did a day hike through the Pshart Valley with a local guide for $US10 – speak to your driver about doing this trek, he should know where to take you. We also did a disastrous day hike from Langar without a guide – our tip is to stick to the well-known petroglyphs hike or get a guide!

The people and languages you encounter will change dramatically along the journey, along with the weather. It is bloody freezing in the Pamirs so bring plenty of warm clothes. The Wakhan Valley is much lower in altitude so isn’t so chilly. The people along the way were very friendly and welcoming, although in pockets of the Wakhan Valley people were a little pushy trying to sell you things. There aren’t too many other travellers along the way so don’t expect to socialise much, but you will probably run into a few cyclists and motorcyclists.

Wakhan Valley family
Staying with families along the Pamir Highway was one of the highlights of our trip

Is it safe?

If your mothers are anything like ours, they will freak out completely when they realise you’ll be cruising along the Afghan border for part of your trip. But we felt incredibly safe and didn’t see any trouble. Obviously keep an eye on travel warnings, but take them with a grain of salt. For up to date local information, the Caravanistan forums are also very handy.

Wakhan Valley Tajikistan
A view of the Wakhan Valley, with Tajikistan on the left and Afghanistan on the right

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